Nutrition is a very important aspect in bodybuilding because it is responsible for the overall condition of the body. Nutrition is acquired from the food that a person eats. A healthy diet is composed of foods which have the essential nutrients for the body to function properly. A combination of fruits, vegetables, meat, and carbohydrates will give the body enough energy for a day as well as maintaining the body’s fitness. In bodybuilding, there are 3 essential components of nutrition. These are protein, carbohydrates, and fat.
Protein is responsible for mass gain and muscle growth. Typically, bodybuilders consume large amounts of protein rich food each day. Amounts can come between 300-500 grams of protein daily. Protein intake should be at least 1.5-2 grams per pound of weight. For starters, at least 25 grams of protein per meal should be taken.
Carbohydrates are responsible for giving the body its fuel source. Carbohydrates are burned in order to perform daily activities. Bodybuilders do not consume a lot of carbohydrates because bodybuilding activities focus on intensity rather than movement. It is important though, to consume adequate amounts of carbohydrates in order to complete a workout session for the day. Recommended carbohydrate intake is calculated as 1-1.5 grams per pound of weight.
Generally, bodybuilders do not consume fatty foods since this type of food is simply stored by the body. However, the body needs fat in order to function properly. As a result, bodybuilders only consume the essential fats needed by the body and opt to eat protein rich food. The amount of essential fat to be consumed each day is at a ratio of 15ml of fat per 25kg of body weight.
All it takes to start bodybuilding is a balanced diet. A balanced diet will place the body in its peak physical condition. Overweight people will find themselves losing weight while underweight people will find themselves gaining weight. Once the peak condition is achieved, the person can start bodybuilding. A ratio of 40:40:20 for these 3 components is perfect for amateur bodybuilders. This ratio will ensure that muscle growth is achieved and fat is not stored. This ratio will also ensure that the bodybuilder will have adequate amounts of energy throughout the day. Meal times should be spaced at least 6 hours apart to promote digestion and absorption of the nutrients.